Diplom, Technische Universitat Munchen (2009)
Doctor, Technische Universitat Munchen (2013)
Jelena Vuckovic, Postdoctoral Faculty Sponsor
Semiconductor nanowires are widely considered to be the next frontier in the drive towards ultra-small, highly efficient coherent light sources. While NW lasers in the visible and ultraviolet have been widely demonstrated, the major role of surface and Auger recombination has hindered their development in the near infrared. Here we report infrared lasing up to room temperature from individual core-shell GaAs-AlGaAs nanowires. When subject to pulsed optical excitation, NWs exhibit lasing, characterized by single-mode emission at 10 K with a linewidth <60 GHz. The major role of non-radiative surface recombination is obviated by the presence of an AlGaAs shell around the GaAs-active region. Remarkably low threshold pump power densities down to ~760 W cm(-2) are observed at 10 K, with a characteristic temperature of T(0)=109±12 K and lasing operation up to room temperature. Our results show that, by carefully designing the materials composition profile, high-performance infrared NW lasers can be realised using III/V semiconductors.
View details for DOI 10.1038/ncomms3931
View details for Web of Science ID 000329396500017
View details for PubMedID 24304714
The ability to control and exploit quantum coherence and entanglement drives research across many fields ranging from ultra-cold quantum gases to spin systems in condensed matter. Transcending different physical systems, optical approaches have proven themselves to be particularly powerful, since they profit from the established toolbox of quantum optical techniques, are state-selective, contact-less and can be extremely fast. Here, we demonstrate how a precisely timed sequence of monochromatic ultrafast (~ 2-5 ps) optical pulses, with a well defined polarisation can be used to prepare arbitrary superpositions of exciton spin states in a semiconductor quantum dot, achieve ultrafast control of the spin-wavefunction without an applied magnetic field and make high fidelity read-out the quantum state in an arbitrary basis simply by detecting a strong (~ 2-10 pA) electric current flowing in an external circuit. The results obtained show that the combined quantum state preparation, control and read-out can be performed with a near-unity (?97%) fidelity.
View details for DOI 10.1038/srep01906
View details for Web of Science ID 000319653100001
View details for PubMedID 23719615
We report the routing of quantum light emitted by self-assembled InGaAs quantum dots (QDs) into the optical modes of a GaAs ridge waveguide and its efficient detection on-chip via evanescent coupling to NbN superconducting nanowire single photon detectors (SSPDs). The waveguide coupled SSPDs primarily detect QD luminescence, with scattered photons from the excitation laser onto the proximal detector being negligible by comparison. The SSPD detection efficiency from the evanescently coupled waveguide modes is shown to be two orders of magnitude larger when compared with operation under normal incidence illumination, due to the much longer optical interaction length. Furthermore, in-situ time resolved measurements performed using the integrated detector show an average QD spontaneous emission lifetime of 0.95 ns, measured with a timing jitter of only 72 ps. The performance metrics of the SSPD integrated directly onto GaAs nano-photonic hardware confirms the strong potential for on-chip few-photon quantum optics using such semiconductor-superconductor hybrid systems.
View details for DOI 10.1038/srep01901
View details for Web of Science ID 000319496300003
View details for PubMedID 23712624
We employ ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy to directly monitor electron tunneling between discrete orbital states in a pair of spatially separated quantum dots. Immediately after excitation, several peaks are observed in the pump-probe spectrum due to Coulomb interactions between the photogenerated charge carriers. By tuning the relative energy of the orbital states in the two dots and monitoring the temporal evolution of the pump-probe spectra the electron and hole tunneling times are separately measured and resonant tunneling between the two dots is shown to be mediated both by elastic and inelastic processes. Ultrafast (<5??ps) interdot tunneling is shown to occur over a surprisingly wide bandwidth, up to ?8??meV, reflecting the spectrum of exciton-acoustic phonon coupling in the system.
View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.197402
View details for Web of Science ID 000303761600021
View details for PubMedID 23003087
The authors demonstrate how lateral electric fields can be used to precisely control the exciton-biexciton splitting in InGaAs quantum dots. By defining split-gate electrodes on the sample surface, optical studies show how the exciton transition can be tuned into resonance with the biexciton by exploiting the characteristically dissimilar DC Stark shifts. The results are compared to model calculations of the relative energies of the exciton and biexciton, demonstrating that the tuning can be traced to a dominance of hole-hole repulsion in the presence of a lateral field. Cascaded decay of the exciton-biexciton system enables the generation of entangled photon pairs without the need to suppress the fine structure splitting of the exciton. Our results demonstrate how the exciton-biexciton system can be electrically controlled.
View details for DOI 10.1088/0957-4484/22/32/325202
View details for Web of Science ID 000292931400002
View details for PubMedID 21772067