Stanford University

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  • Lin Bian

    Lin Bian

    Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Psychology

    Current Research and Scholarly Interests I am interested in studying social cognition in infants and children. My overarching goal is to investigate how group membership is a fundamental force that structures children?s and adults? daily interactions, from their beliefs about who will display what properties to their ideas of what is right and wrong. In this vein, I have pursued two major lines of research: One line of work focuses on the cognitive mechanism, the developmental trajectory and the consequences of stereotypes about social groups. The other line of work focuses on infants? and toddlers? expectations of people?s obligations within and across social groups.

  • Marguerite DeLiema

    Marguerite DeLiema

    Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Psychology

    Bio I am a postdoctoral researcher at the Stanford Center on Longevity in the Financial Security Division. Prior to Stanford I received a Ph.D. in Gerontology from University of Southern California (USC) School of Gerontology and a B.S. in biological psychology from UCLA. As a gerontologist trained in multidisciplinary research, I define successful aging as maintaining physical and mental functioning, cultivating meaningful social relationships, and being financially secure throughout the life course. An important component of financial security is avoiding financial abuse and fraud in older age, yet financial victimization of seniors results in billions of dollars in losses each year. Victims also suffer from depression, shame, shattered relationships, and financial ruin.

    My work focuses on identifying the demographic, psychological, social, and contextual factors related to financial victimization, and identifying the prevalence and cost of financial fraud in the US. At USC, I conducted research on elder abuse and neglect in community settings, and the tactics scam artists use to deceive older victims. In addition to my work on fraud and financial abuse, I have published studies on how older adults from different racial/ethnic backgrounds define elder abuse and how mandatory reporters and adult protective services workers perceive elder abuse response. My career objective is to generate and test novel interventions that protect older adults from financial victimization, in addition to understanding the factors that make some people vulnerable to scams and fraud.

  • Mareike Grotheer

    Mareike Grotheer

    Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Psychology

    Current Research and Scholarly Interests PR055E5ING 0F NUM8ERS AND LE77ER5 IN 7HE HUMAN 8RAIN

    The abilities to read and to perform simple calculations are crucial to our daily lives. Hence, during our primary education, we receive intensively training for these skills. During this learning phase we are taught to associate a specific meaning to very basic, artificial stimuli, such as Roman letters and Arabic numbers. Interestingly, recent studies suggest that this early-life training actually reshapes our brain and generates visual areas focused exclusively on the processing of these artificial stimuli. Two such areas, known as the letter form area and the number form area, respectively, have been described. This division of processing for numbers and letters is particularly interesting, considering that these stimuli are similar in regards to their visual features, and only differ in the meaning we learned to associate with them. In fact, if you consider Roman numerals, or take a closer look at the title above, you will note that they can even be used interchangeably.

    My research aims to better understand the visual processing of numbers and letters. Particularly, I am interested to see whether the number and the letter form areas are actually entirely distinct entities or if there is a functional/spatial overlap between the regions. In addition, I would like to know how the current demands of the environment, i.e. the tasks being performed, alter the activity of these areas. Finally, as these regions are shaped by our experiences, I would like to explore how much experience is actually needed to develop these areas and, further, to what extent the respective neuronal terrain remains flexible even in adulthood.

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